Grammar Resource Book - Посібник (Левашов О.С.)

There +to be (and some other verbs)

General

There are books on the bookshelves.

There are bookshelves on the walls.

There was no TV one hundred years ago.

There will be too many people in the world and there won’t be enough food for everybody.

There will be paper clothes in the future.

In ancient Rome there was one-way traffic during rush hours.

There were street signs in Babylon more than 2,500 years ago.

There wasn’t any air pollution one hundred years ago.

There are some problems in everybody’s life.

There are the same faces around you every day.

Are there any students in the classroom?

There will be no picnic tomorrow.

Once upon a time there lived a young and beautiful queen.

Recently there has been a lot of talk about this young man.

There’s a definite warning in that letter.

There was a smell in the room of eau de cologne and camphor.

In this century of rapid scientific discovery, there still exist mysterious natural phenomena.

At many archaeological sites there are layers of artefacts on top of other layers of material remains.

There weren’t any more supplies at the air base.

There was silence for a while in the group of black men.

In England in the middle of the fourteenth century there were only 169 important merchants, but at the beginning of the sixteenth century there were more than 3000 merchants in foreign trade alone.

There are a lot of twenty storey apartments in my area.

In 1900, there were 300 electric taxicabs on the streets of New York City.

There will be a memorial service tomorrow at three on campus, with burial afterward in the city.

There is no such thing as complete freedom.

Law

Are there a lot of crimes, or are there not?

There are at present over four hundred county courts in England and Wales.

There is public confidence in jury trials.

How many barristers are there currently in Britain?

There was virtually no daylight and there was insufficient room in the prison cells.

There exist three kinds of prisons in England: short term, medium term, and long term.

There are over 7,000 different criminal offences in English law.

By the end of the 18-th century in England there were about one hundred and fifty offences punishable by death.

There was a rise in crime from the start of the nineteenth century until about 1850 and then a reduction.

In a free society there are several important facets to the police institution.

There are no quick fix solutions to the highly complex issue of substance abuse.

In Anglo-Saxon law there is no evidence of borrowing from the Roman legal system.

Fifty years ago, there were no college courses on criminal justice.

In recent decades there has been a lively political debate about the justice of the criminal justice system.

Within the organization of the Scenes of Crime Branch there operates a field force of 200 officers.

Now there are about 3,500 men and women detectives in the Metropolitan Police Criminal Investigation Department.

In 1907 there were seven hundred detectives in London but few anywhere else in the country.

There were blood marks and signs of a fierce struggle on the crime scene.

There are both federal and state courts.

In each federal judicial district there is a federal district court.

There are fewer than 1,500 judges and magistrates in the federal courts, but almost 30,000 in the state courts.

In total, there were 450 incidents of computer theft from commercial premises.

There are public footpaths along the back of the building and there is no perimeter protection.

In Russia there are 500,000 prisoners in about 528 prisons and penal colonies throughout the country.

In most cases there is a right of appeal to a higher tribunal and, usually, to the courts.

There is considerable debate in the law enforcement community as to the level of organization and structure of Russian crime groups in the United States.

According to law enforcement sources, there are approximately 300 former Soviet Union crime figures and associates in the San Francisco Bay Area.

There are approximately 600 to 800 Russian crime figures and associates in the Los Angeles area, home to the second largest number of Russian immigrants in the United States.

There are a variety of schemes of fuel fraud.

Prior to the period 1890-1920, there was no national coordination of identification other than through picture magazines like the Police Gazette and the Detective.

There is at least 50 years worth of gang literature in our local libraries.

By 1980 there were 30,000 gang members in Los Angeles County, and today there are over 300 gangs and 150,000 gang members there.

There was opposition to the idea of police, as a challenge to the liberties of England.

Currently there is no access to information on electronic crime and its prevention in New Zealand.

Except for the appearance of amphetamines and a notable increase in barbiturate abuse there were few changes in the American drug scene in the immediate post-war years.

There is now a national DNA database with around 200,000 samples from criminals, suspects and crime scenes.

There are currently 375 local crime and disorder partnerships across England and Wales.

For all the advances in the past 30 years, there are still obstacles to the development of police technology.

There is considerable variation among different legal systems as to the composition of lower criminal courts.

There are national speed limits of 60 mph (97 km/h) on single carriageway roads and 70 mph (113 km/h) on dual carriageway roads.

There are in the United States about 600,000 opiate addicts.

There are various exceptions to search laws.

There has been much discussion in recent years about our Constitution.

There are currently 2 million criminal justice profiles on the database, as well as 200,000 DNA samples.

There is still a lot of confusion and misunderstanding about domestic violence.

There was neither physical evidence of a murder nor any medical or forensic indicators.

There has been intensive cooperation and information sharing between Baltic Sea countries in the area of illegal immigration since 1997.

Over the last 25 years there has been no increase in child murder by strangers.

There is no death penalty in Britain, except for treason.

There are three inchoate offences: incitement, conspiracy and attempt.